(Languages of this post: Interlingua, English)
Multe historicos dice que Harriet Tubman nasceva in le anno 1820. Nemo vermente sape. In le Statos Unite in le seculo dece e nove le nascimento de sclavos non se registrava.
Lo que nos vermente sape es que Harriet Tubman esseva un del feminas le plus coragiose nascite in le Statos Unite. Illa adjutava centenares de personas in lor effortios pro escappar del sclavitude per le Underground Railroad (via ferree subteranee). Isto esseva un systema que adjutava nostre sclavos a escappar del statos meridional american a statos ubi le sclavitude esseva illegal.
A causa de su travalio pro le Underground Railroad, on dava le nomine de Moises a Harriet Tubman. Secundo le mytho biblic, Moises esseva le salvator del gente judee subjugate in Egypto. Ille liberava su populo e les conduceva al Terra Promittite.
Harriet Tubman moriva in 1913. Durante omne su vita illa sempre essayava a meliorar le vita de afroamericanos.
Desde un etate multo juvene, Harriet cognosceva como nostre sclavos suffreva. Su patres esseva sclavos. Elles esseva le proprietate de Edward Brodas, un fermero in le stato american Maryland.
Le patres de Harriet essayava a proteger la e lor dece altere filios tanto como illes poteva, ma il habeva pauco que illes poteva facer. Sclavos american esseva tractate como animales. On pote vender les a ulle tempore. Sovente on separava lor familias.
Le filios del sclavos non poteva haber lo que hodie esserea le vita normal de un infante. Quando Harriet habeva tres annos, le senior Brodas la mandava a portar a altere fermeros litteras que ille habeva scribite a illes. Alicunes ex iste fermeros viveva dece e cinque kilometros del casa del senior Brodas. Ille puniva Harriet si illa pausava in su viages pro relaxar se o jocar.
Quando Harriet habeva sex annos, le familia Brodas la inviava a travaliar pro un altere familia qui viveva presso lor ferma. Durante que illa se trovava illac, Harriet esseva infectate con le rubeola. Ma in despecto de su maladia, illa esseva obligate a mantener gruppos de trappas pro animales in un fluvio gelate. On la inviava a su casa quando illa deveniva periculosemente malade. Le matre de Harriet la custodiava multo attentemente. Illa superviveva. Illa tunc esseva obligate a travaliar in le casa del familia Brodas.
Le familia Brodas nunquam dava a illa assatis pro mangiar. Un die illa travaliava in le cocina. Illa reguardava un pecia de sucro in un sucrero argentee quando le seniora Brodas la videva. Harriet deveniva espaventate e curreva via. On la capturava e batteva multo severemente. Le familia Brodas tunc decideva que Harriet nunquam haberea successo como travaliator in le casa, e illes la mandava al campos agricultural.
La patres de Harriet esseva multo triste. Illes travaliava in le campos, e illes sapeva que il esseva difficile superviver le travalio durissime que le sclavos in le campos esseva obligate a facer. Ma iste travalio fortificava le corpore de Harriet, e illa apprendeva multe cosas del sclavos. Plus tarde iste cosas la adjuvarea a liberar multe altere sclavos.
Harriet apprendeva multo sur Nat Turner, qui organisava un rebellion fallite de sclavos. Illa anque apprendeva de altere sclavos qui se habeva escappate del sclavitude usante le Underground Railroad.
In vice de esser un via ferrea de trainos, le Underground Railroad esseva un serie de locos ubi le sclavos poteva celar se, generalmente casas de gente qui opponeva le sclavitude. Un sclavo fugiente poteva usar un serie progressive de iste locos usque ille o illa arrivava a un stato ubi le sclavitude esseva illegal. Durante que Harriet apprendeva iste information, illa deveniva de plus in plus revolutionari.
Un die al etate de dece e cinque annos Harriet esseva in un magazin local. Le proprietario de un sclavo, durante que ille entrava in iste magazin, menaciava un puero juvene qui esseva su sclavo. Le puero tunc curreva verso le porta del magazin. Harriet tunc moveva al fronte del puero. Le proprietario del sclavo tunc jectava objecto multo pesante verso ille, ma illo colpava Harriet in le capite.
Harriet quasi moriva. Un periodo de menses passava ante que illa poteva levantar se de su lecto. Usque su morte, illa portava le cicatrice de iste vulnere in su capite, e illa sovente suffreva syncopes a causa de iste vulnere. Le senior Brodas credeva que post iste incidente Harriet nunquam esserea un bon travaliator, e ille decideva a vender la.
Harriet disveloppava un maniera de prevenir isto. In cata occasion quando alicuno veniva a comprar la, illa pretendeva cader in un somno profunde. Eventualmente le senior Brodas decideva que ille nunquam poterea vender Harriet, e ille la inviava un altere vice al campos agricultural. Illa planificava su liberation eventual durante que illa travaliava in iste campos. In 1844, al etate plus o minus de 24 annos, illa maritava un afroamericano libere con le nomine John Tubman.
Harriet nunc esseva multo determinate a escappar. Facer isto esserea multo periculose. Si illa esseva capturate, illa sapeva que illa facilemente poteva esser battite usque le morte. Ma Harriet habeva patientia e sperava le proprie momento pro facer su tentativa.
Subitemente, in 1849, veniva su opportunitate. Le senior Brodas habeva morite. Su sclavos probabilemente esserea vendite a agricultores de coton in un stato plus al sud. Su conditiones como sclava in un tal situation esserea etiam pejor.
John Tubman essayava a discoragiar Harriet in su planos pro escappar. Ille esseva un homine liberate, e ille non voleva facer un viage periculose con un femina qui faceva alique illegal. Harriet decideva que su maritage con John debeva terminar se.
Al audir que on iva a vender la immediatemente, Harriet sapeva que illa debeva notificar su familia. Primo dulcemente e postea plus fortemente illa comenciava a cantar le parolas “Io regretta abandonar vos, ma io va al terra promittite”. Su familia comprendeva su desiros.
Harriet curreva al casa de un femina de pelle blanc qui habeva promittite a adjuvar la. Iste femina esseva un membro del Societate de Amicos (Quakers), un religion que odiava le sclavitude. Iste femina narrava como illa poteva trovar un altere casa ubi illa poterea celar se.
Harriet vadeva de casa a casa que formava parte del Underground Railroad. Cata casa esseva un pauco plus proxime al stato de Pennsylvania, ubi le sclavitude esseva illegal. Un vice illa debeva celar se sub un cumulo de feno. Un altere vice illa debeva portar le vestimentos de un homine pro disguisar se. Ma finalmente illa arrivava a Pennsylvania. Al arrivar illac, illa diceva a un amico que illa se sentiva como si illa se trovava in le paradiso.
Ma in su libertate, illa non oblidava le centenares de altere sclavos in Maryland. Durante le proxime dece annos, illa organisava un Underground Railroad etiam plus grande. Illa liberava su patres, su soror, su fratres, e altere membros de su familia. Illa trovava un focar pro su patres in Auburn, New York.
Harriet adjuvava unes 300 sclavos a escappar a statos libere. Illa disveloppava multe talentos que adjuvava a alteres a escappar de chassatores de sclavos qui habeva essayate a liberar se del sclavitude. Durante un certe periodo de tempore, ulle persona qui poteva trovar Harriet esseva promittite $40.000 si ille poteva capturar la con o sin vita. Le personas qui illa adjuvava dava a illa le nomine Moises como le Moises del Biblia.
Durante nostre guerra civil, que comenciava in 1861, septe statos meridional decideva separar se del Statos Unite, principalmente a causa del differentia inter iste statos e le statos del nord sur le problema del sclavitude. Harriet vadeva al territorio de iste statos rebelle pro spiar pro le Nord.
In 1863 le sclavitude legal terminava, e il nunc non esseva necesse que Harriet adjuvava altere afroamericanos a escappar del sclavitude, e al fin del guerra, Harriet retornava a Auburn, New York. Illa se maritava con un homine con le nomine Nelson Davis.
Ben que iste annos poteva esser tranquille pro Harriet, illa continuava su travalios. Illa viagiava e faceva discursos pro colliger moneta pro meliorar le education de juvene afroamericanos. Illa anque travaliava pro derectos feminin. E illa essayava a trovar manieras pro adjuvar vetule afroamericanos qui habeva essite sclavos.
Harriet Tubman moriva in 1913. Illa habeva circa 93 annos, e a causa de su travalios anterior, illa habeva devenite un heroe american. Quando illa moriva le governamento federal del Statos Unite preparava pro illa funerales con honores militar pro iste heroe afroamerican qui se trova in le pantheon de personas como Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, e Rosa Parks.
Many historians say that Harriet Tubman was born in the year 1820. No one really knows. In the United States in the nineteenth century the birth of slaves was not recorded.
What we really know is that Harriet Tubman was one of the most courageous women ever born in the United States. She helped hundreds of people in their efforts to escape from slavery through the Underground Railroad. This was a system that helped our slaves escape from the Southern states where slavery was legal.
Because of her work for the Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman was given the name Moses. According to the Biblical myth, Moses was the savior of the Jewish people who were enslaved in Egypt. He freed his people and led them to the Promised Land.
Harriet Tubman died in 1913. For her entire life she always tried to improve the lives of African Americans.
From a very early age, Harriet knew how our slaves suffered. Her parents were slaves. They were the property of Edward Brodas, a farmer in the American state of Maryland.
Harriet’s parents tried to protect her and their ten other children as much as they could, but there was little that they could do. American slaves were treated like animals. They could be sold at any time. Often their families were split up.
The children of slaves could not have what today would be considered a normal life for a child. When Harriet was three years old, Mr. Brodas had her deliver to other farmers letters that he had written them. Some of these farmers lived fifteen kilometers from Mr. Brodas’s house. He punished Harriet if she relaxed or played during her trips.
When Harriet was six years old, the Brodas family sent her away to work for another family who lived near their farm. While she was there, she got sick with measles. But dispite her illness, she was obliged to maintain groups of animal traps in a freezing river. She was sent home when she became dangerously ill. Harriet’s mother took care of her very carefully. She survived. She then had to work in the Brodas family’s house.
The Brodas family never gave her enough to eat. One day she was working in the kitchen. She looked at a piece of sugar in a silver bowl when Mrs. Brodas saw her. Harriet was terrified and ran away. She was caught and beaten very severely. The Brodas family then decided that Harriet would never work out as a house worker, and they sent her out into the fields.
Harriet’s parents were very sad. They worked in the fields, and they knew that it was difficult to survive through the very hard work that field slaves had to do. But this work strengthened Harriet’s body, and she learned many things from the slaves. Later on these things would help her to free many other slaves.
Harriet learned a lot about Nat Turner, who organized an unsuccessful slave rebellion. She also learned about other slaves who had escaped bondage by using the Underground Railroad.
Instead of being a railroad with trains, the Underground Railroad was a series of places where slaves could be hidden, generally houses of people who opposed slavery. A fugitive slave could use a progressive series of these places until he or she arrived in a state where slavery was illegal. While Harriet learned this information, she became more and more revolutionary.
One day when she was fifteen years old Harriet was in a local store. The owner of a slave, as he went into this store, threatened a young boy who was his slave. The boy then ran toward the store’s entrance. Harriet then moved in front of the boy. The slave’s owner threw a very heavy object toward him, but it hit Harriet in the head.
Harriet almost died. A few months went by before she could get out of her bed. Up to the time she died she bore the scar of this wound on her head, and she often blacked out because of this wound. Mr. Brodas believed that after this incident Harriet would never be a good worker, and he decided to sell her.
Harriet developed a way to keep this from happening. Whenever someone came to buy her, she pretended to fall into a deep sleep. Eventually Mr. Brodas decided that he would never be able to sell Harriet, and he sent her into the fields once again. She planned to free herself eventually while she worked in these fields. In 1844, at about twenty-four years of age, she married a black freedman named John Tubman.
Harriet now was very determined to escape. Doing this would be very dangerous. If she were captured, she knew that she could easily be beaten to death. But Harriet was patient and waited for the right moment to try to escape.
Suddenly, in 1849, her opportunity came. Mr. Brodas had died. His slaves would probably be sold to cotton farmers in a state further to the south. Her conditions as a slave in such a situation would be even worse.
John Tubman tried to dissuade Harriet from escaping. He was a free man, and he did not want to make a dangerous trip with a woman who did something illegal. Harriet decided that her marriage with John would have to end.
On hearing that she was going to be immediately sold, Harried knew that she had to notify her family. First in a low and afterward in a louder voice, she started to sing the words, “I am sorry to leave you, but I am going to the promised land.” Her family understood what she wanted.
Harriet ran to the house of a white woman who had promised to help her. This family was a member of the Society of Friends (Quakers), a religion that hated slavery. This woman told her how she could find another house where she could be hidden.
Harriet went from one house to another that formed part of the Underground Railroad. Each house was a little closer to the state of Pennsylvania, where slavery was illegal. Once she had to hide under a pile of hay. Another time she had to dress up like a man to disguise herself. But finally she reached Pennsylvania. On her arrival she told a friend that she felt as if she had arrived in Paradise.
But in her freedom she did not forget the hundreds of other slaves in Maryland. During the next ten years she organized an even bigger Underground Railroad. She freed her parents, her sister, her brothers, and other members of her family. She found a home for her parents in Auburn, New York.
Harriet helped about 300 slaves escape to free states. She developed many talents that helped others escape from people who hunted down slaves who had tried to free themselves from slavery. For a certain amount of time anyone who could find Harriet was promised $40,000 if he could capture her dead or alive. The people that she helped gave her the name Moses like the Moses of the Bible.
During our Civil War, which started in 1861, seven southern states decided to secede from the United States, principally because of the difference among these states and the northern states on the problems of slavery. Harriet went to these rebel states to spy for the North.
In 1863 legal slavery ended and Harriet no longer had to help other African Americans escape slavery, and at the end of the war Harriet returned to Auburn, New York. She got married to a man named Nelson Davis.
Though these years could have been happy ones for Harriet, she continued her work. She traveled and gave speeches to collect money to improve the education of young African Americans. She also worked for women’s rights. And she tried to find ways to help elderly African Americans who had been slaves.
Harriet Tubman died in 1913. She was about ninety-three years old, and because of the work she had done she became an American hero. When she died, the United States federal government prepared a funeral with military honors for this African American hero who now has a place in the pantheon of people like Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, and Rosa Parks.