Leonard Bernstein

(Languages of this post: Interlingua, English)

Leonard Bernstein naceva in 1918 e moriva in 1990. Durante le 72 annos de su vita, Bernstein esseva un del plus productive musicos del Statos Unite. Ille esseva un compositor, conductor de orchestras symphonic, pianista, e professor de musica.

Ille componeva serie musica classic tanto como musica popular, a vices combinante los in le mesme obra. Ille esseva le director musical del New York Philharmonic Orchestra pro plus que 10 annos. Como Mozart, ille sovente sonava le piano durante que ille dirigeva le orchestra. Ille appareva in multe programmas de television e scribeva libros pro explicar le natura del musica, specialmente a juvenes.

Bernstein naceva in Lawrence, Massachusetts. Su patre e matre esseva judeos de Russia. Illes se congosceva e se maritava in le Statos Unite. Multo tosto in su vita ille demonstrava talentos musical exceptional. Su patre tamen non voleva que ille deveniva un musico professional proque ille non credeva que Leonard poterea ganiar multo moneta in ille profession.

Bernstein insisteva tamen que ille non esseva interessate in un altere typo de carriera e deveniva un studente de musica al Universitate Harvard e al Instituto de Musica Curtis in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Durante le estate, ille studiava a un famose central de musica in Massachusetts appellate Tanglewood, ubi, inter alia, ille studiava le direction de orchestras symphonic con Serge Koussevitsky e Frits Reiner. Plus tarde, Bernstein retornava a Tanglewood pro inseniar le musica quasi omne estate durante su vita.

In 1943 Bernstein deveniva le director assistente del Orchestra Philharmonic de New York. In novembre de ille anno, le director del orchestra, Bruno Walter, deveniva malade e non poteva diriger le orchestra in un concerto importante.

Con multo pauc tempore pro preparar se, Bernstein brillantemente dirigeva le orchestra durante ille concerto. Le proxime die, le “New York Times” publicava un articulo laudante Bernstein in su prime pagina, e desde le die su publication, ille recipeva multe invitationes pro conducer le orchestras le plus famose del Statos Unite.

In 1958, Bernstein deveniva le prime director musical american del New York Philharmonic. Criticos musical diceva que le New York Philharmonic se meliorava multo durante le annos sub su direction.

Sovente comparate a un potentissime tempestate oceanic, Bernstein viagiava multo pro diriger le orchestras le plus famose del mundo. Ille anque componeva e inseniava le musica. In su focar, ille e su marita, le actrice chilean Felicia Montealegre, elevava tres filios. Lor focar attraheva le plus famose artistas, musicos, e autores del Statos Unite.

Le criticos dice que Bernstein scribeva su melior musica in su annos juvene. Ille scribeva “Symphony Number Two, the Age of Anxiety (Symphonia Numero duo, le Etate del Anxietate)”, in 1949 quando ille habeva circa 30 annos. Iste symphonia es admirate specialmente per le criticos, qui dice que illo captura le essentia del musica amercan de su epocha.

Bernstein anque componeva diverse symphonias que demonstra su interesse profunde in su religion judee. Ille anque componeva altere obras trans le annos pro gruppos de cantantes e un orchestra, assi como operas e ballets.

Multes crede que su melior musica se trova in pecias musical componite per le theatros de Broadway (obras como “On the Town”, “Wonderful Town”, e “Candide”). Alicun criticas del musica insiste que “Candide” es le melior obra musical de Bernstein.

“West Side Story”, que narra un version moderne de “Romeo e Julietta”, le pecia theatral de William Shakespeare, es forsan le plus famose obra musical de Bernstein. Illo appareva in Broadway per le prime vice in 1957, e illo totevia es multo famose in omne le partes del mundo.

Pro tres annos, Bernstein travaliava in su obra “Mass” (Missa), que appareva ante le publico pro le prime vice durante le apertura del Kennedy Center. Le historia narra le vita de un homine juvene qui perde su credentia in Deo. In “Mass” Bernstein combinava le characteristas del musica classic, del blues american, del Rock and Roll, e del musica religiose traditional.

Durante omne su vita, Leonard Bernstein se preoccupava con problemas social tanto como su musica. Ille appoiava le movimento pro derectos civil de ille epocha e opponeva le guerra american in Vietnam. Ille anque dirigeva concertos pro colliger moneta pro le lucta contra le SIDA.

Ille continuava a componer e direger orchestras usque le fin de su vita, le ultime vice a Tanglewood in 1990. Duo menses post iste concerto, ille moriva in su focar in New York. Como George Gershwin, ille dava al mundo multe musica quintessentialmente american que sempre essera famose.

Leonard Bernstein was born in 1918 and died in 1990. During the seventy-two years of his life, Bernstein was one of the most productive musicians of the United States. He was a composer, orchestra conductor, pianist, and music teacher.

He composed serious classical music, as well as popular music, at times combining both in the same work. He was the musical director of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra for more than ten years. Like Mozart, he often played the piano as he conducted the orchestra. He appeared in many television programs and wrote books to explain the nature of music, especially to young people.

Bernstein was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts. His father and mother were Jews from Russia. They met and got married in the United States. Very early in his life he showed exceptional musical talents. His father, however, did not want him to become a professional musician because he did not believe that Leonard could earn very much money in that profession.

Bernstein insisted, however, that he was not interested in any other career and became a music student at Harvard University and the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. During the summers, he studied at a famous music center in Massachusetts known as Tanglewood, where, among other things, he studied symphony-orchestra conducting with Serge Koussevitsky and Fritz Reiner. Later on, Bernstein returned to Tanglewood to teach music almost every summer during his life.

In 1943 Bernstein became the assistant director of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. In November of that year, the conductor of the orchestra, Bruno Walter, fell ill and was not able to conduct the orchestra in an important concert.

With very little time to prepare himself, Bernstein brilliantly conducted the orchestra during that concert. The following day, the “New York Times” published an article praising Bernstein on its front page, and soon after the day of its publication, he received many invitations to conduct the most famous orchestras of the United States.

In 1958, Bernstein became the first American musical director of the New York Philharmonic. Music critics said that the New York Philharmonic improved dramatically in its years under his leadership.

Often compared to a very powerful ocean storm, Bernstein traveled a great deal to conduct the most famous orchestras in the world. He also composed and taught music. In his home, he and his wife, the Chilean actrice Felicia Montealegre, raised three children. Their home attracted the most famous artists, musicians, and authors of the United States.

Critics say that Bernstein wrote his best music in his youthful years. He wrote “Symphony Number Two, the Age of Anxiety,” in 1949 when he was around thirty years old. This symphony is especially admired by critics, who say that it captures the essence of the American music of its time.

Bernstein also composed various symphonies that show his profound interest in his Jewish religion. He also composed other works throughout the years for orchestras and singing groups, as well as operas and ballets.

Many believe that his best music can be found in Broadway musicals (works like “On the Town,” “Wonderful Town,” and “Candide”). Some music critics insist that “Candide” embodies Bernstein’s best musical work.

“West Side Story,” which narrates a modern version of “Romeo and Juliet,” the play by William Shakespeare, is perhaps Bernstein’s most famous musical work. Its debut on Broaday was in 1957, and it still is very famous everywhere in the world.

For three years Bernstein worked on “Mass”, which had its debut at the opening of the Kennedy Center. “Mass” narrates the life of a young man who lost his faith in God. In “Mass” Bernstein combined the characteristics of classical music, the blues, Rock and Roll, and traditional religious music.

For all his life, Leonard Bernstein was concerned with social problems along with his music. He supported the civil rights movement of that era and opposed the Vietnam War. He also conducted concerts to raise money for the fight against AIDS.

He continued to compose and conduct orchestras until the end of his life in 1990, the last time at Tanglewood. Two months after this concert, he died in his home in New York. Like George Gershwin, he gave to the world a lot of quintessentially American music that will always be famous.

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